Most of the raw materials for the production of organic fertilizers are agricultural waste, livestock waste, food factory waste, etc. Therefore, the construction of an organic fertilizer production plant is not only low in cost but also environmentally friendly. However, in the process of making organic fertilizer, if it is not handled properly, it will easily cause secondary pollution of the environment. Therefore, in the process of establishing an organic fertilizer plant, if the plant site selection, planning layout, organic fertilizer production line process, and organic fertilizer production characteristics can be fully considered, the production cost will be greatly reduced, secondary pollution will be avoided, and the production of organic fertilizer will be smoother. How to establish an organic fertilizer plant is discussed below.
Site selection of organic fertilizer production plant
Owing to the pollution of odor and raw material transportation in the process of organic fertilizer production, the location of organic fertilizer production plants should be far away from residential areas and industrial areas, so as to avoid the impact on the surrounding residents. Organic fertilizer raw materials are generally livestock manure, straw and other materials, which are not easy to transport, so the manufacturer of organic fertilizer should be close to the main raw material producing area to avoid the transportation costs and pollution of raw materials. The traffic around the factory is convenient and smooth. Factory water supply and power supply should be convenient, and enough power of organic fertilizer production line should be reserved.
Raw material for organic fertilizer production
Organic fertilizer is processed from biomass, animal and plant waste and plant residue, which eliminates toxic and harmful substances and is rich in a large number of beneficial substances. Organic fertilizer not only provides comprehensive nutrition for crops, but also has a long-term fertilizer effect and can improve soil activity. In the production of organic fertilizer, the content of organic matter in the main raw materials of organic fertilizer must be high, so as to ensure the production of qualified and excellent organic fertilizer.
The raw materials of organic fertilizer production facturer mainly include agricultural waste, such as straw, soybean meal, mushroom residue, rice husk, etc., and livestock manure such as chicken manure, duck manure, cow dung and sheep manure. In addition, the waste of some food processing factories is also the main raw material of organic fertilizer production, such as wine tanks, cassava residue, sugar residue, etc. According to the raw materials, the technological formula of the organic fertilizer production line can be determined, and the organic fertilizer for different soils can be produced.
The first step in organic fertilizer production is the compost fermentation of collected raw materials. There are stack fermentation and trough fermentation in the fermentation mode, and trough fermentation is widely used in modern composting production. After the material is put into the fermentation tank in batches, the material is turned over by the turning equipment on time to improve the fermentation rate, shorten the fermentation time and mix the material evenly. Fermentation temperature reached 50-70℃, aerobic fermentation sterilization. Fermented compost can enter the organic fertilizer production line for further processing.
Treatment of organic fertilizer equipment
Organic fertilizer processing mainly involves the steps of crushing, mixing, granulating, drying, cooling, and packaging. The main organic fertilizer equipment includes half-wet material crusher, chain crusher, mixer, organic fertilizer granulator, rotary dryer, cooler, drum screener, fertilizer packing machine, etc. Through the processing of these organic fertilizer equipment, the organic fertilizer products are of high quality, rich in nutrients, easy to store and spread, and have long fertilizer efficiency.
The organic fertilizer production plant can ferment waste into organic fertilizer, especially suitable for the treatment of manure in large-scale farms. It has high output, high economic efficiency and high recovery.